Autism spectrum disorder covers a wide range of challenges for those developmentally challenged by it. Autism affects children in the United States, impacting the lives of those with autism and their families.
Doctors search for different types of autism while also making special accommodations. Those with autism have disadvantages. But they also have unique strengths.
Let’s explore what you may not know about autism. Read on to learn more!
Asperger Syndrome is a developmental disorder that is characterized by difficulties in social interaction and nonverbal communication. Also, with restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior and interests.
Individuals with Asperger Syndrome typically have above-average intelligence and often excel in specific areas, such as music or math.
However, they may have difficulty with everyday tasks, maintaining eye contact, understanding nonverbal cues, and engaging in small talk.
It is a part of the autism spectrum, and while there is no cure. Early intervention and treating autism can help lessen the symptoms and improve functioning.
Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS)
It is a form of autism that is characterized by delays or impairments in social interaction and communication. It is a restricted and repetitive interest and behavior.
It’s also considered to be on the milder end of the autism spectrum. Individuals with this disorder often have above-average IQs and functioning levels. However, they may still struggle with social skills, making eye contact, initiating conversation, and understanding social cues.
Rett syndrome is a rare, progressive disorder that typically affects girls. The disorder is characterized by a slowing of head growth, problems with hand movements, and intellectual disability.
It is caused by a mutation in the MECP2 gene, and there is currently no cure. However, early intervention and therapy can help improve symptoms and quality of life for girls with Rett syndrome.
Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (CDD)
Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (CDD) is also known as Heller’s syndrome. It is a rare condition characterized by a child’s sudden and profound loss of social, communication, and motor skills after seemingly normal development.
The exact cause of CDD is unknown, but it is thought to be the result of brain damage that occurs after birth. This brain damage may be due to a viral infection, environmental toxins, or another factor.
Symptoms of CDD become clear between the ages of 3 and 4 years. It may include a loss of speech, social skills, and motor skills, problems with bowel and bladder control, and seizures.
It’s diagnosed based on a child’s medical history, symptoms, and neurological exam. There is also no cure for CDD, but early diagnosis and an autism therapy session can help to cut the symptoms and improve the child’s quality of life.
Learn the Types of Autism Today
Because autism is a spectrum disorder, there is no one size fits all answer to this question. However, there are four general types of autism that doctors use to diagnose.
Each type of autism has its own set of symptoms, which can range from mild to severe. It is important to talk to your doctor or a qualified mental and physical health professional to get a proper diagnosis.
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